About Turkey

Official Name of Country Republic of Turkey
Capital City Ankara
Government Parliamentary Democracy
Population 79.8 million (2016)
Labor Force (Population) 30.5 million (2016)
Median Age 31.4 (2016)
Official Language Turkish
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim
Area 783,562.38 km²
Coordinates 39° 55′ North, 32° 50′ East
Time Zone GMT +2
Neighboring Countries Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia
Major Cities (Population) Istanbul (14.8 million), Ankara (5.3 million), Izmir (4.2 million), Bursa (2.9 million), Antalya (2.3 million) (2016)
Climate Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters
Telephone Code +90
Country Code Top-Level Domain .tr
Electricity Voltage 220 V, 50 Hz
Currency Turkish Lira (TRY)
Financial Center Istanbul
GDP USD 857 billion (2016-Current Prices)
GDP Per Capita USD 10,807 (2016)
Exports Value USD 143 billion (2016)
Imports Value USD 199 billion (2016)
Tourism Revenue USD 22.1 billion (2016)
Tourist Number 25.3 million (2016)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 12.3 billion (2016)
Number of Companies with Foreign Capital 52,754 (2016)
Inflation Rate 8.5% (CPI-2016)
Major Exports Markets Germany (9.8%); UK (8.2%); Iraq (5.4%); Italy (5.3%); USA (4.6%); France (4.2%); UAE (3.8%); Spain (3.5%); Iran (3.5%); Netherlands (2.5%) (2016)
Major Imports Sources China (12.8%); Germany (10.8%); Russia (7.6%); USA (5.5%); Italy (5.1%); France (3.7%); South Korea (3.2%); India (2.9%); Spain (2.9%); UK (2.7%) (2016)
Trade Agreements
  • Customs Union Agreement with the EU
  • Free Trade Agreements with Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, EFTA member countries (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Faroe Islands, Ghana, Kosovo, Lebanon, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Serbia, Tunisia
Traffic Flow Right

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